亿电竞

strategy Emerging industries
The亿电竞平台 comprehensive advantages are obvious, and the亿电竞 optimization of nonferrous metal industrial structure is facing difficulties
Time: 2019/1/23 9:23:57

China亿电竞平台 industry news source



Nonferrous metal industry is one of the亿电竞 important basic industries of manufacturing industry and the亿电竞 important support to realize manufacturing power. Especially, the亿电竞 modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense and science and technology are inseparable from nonferrous metals. In recent years, China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal industry has actively promoted the亿电竞 transformation mode, structure adjustment and transformation. The亿电竞平台 whole industry has made great efforts to promote the亿电竞 industrial development from large to strong. It has stepped onto a new level in terms of total scale, industrial structure, scientific and technological innovation, green development and international influence, which has accumulated solid foundation and rich experience for realizing the亿电竞 dream of a powerful non-ferrous country.


At present, China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metals industry system is complete, the亿电竞 market scale is huge, the亿电竞 human resources are rich, and the亿电竞 comprehensive advantages are obvious. China亿电竞平台 is a real industrial country, and has the亿电竞 ability and conditions to achieve higher quality, more efficient and more sustainable development.

The亿电竞平台 total scale has been steadily improved


Nonferrous metal materials are the亿电竞 basic materials for economic and social development, and strategic materials for national defense and military industry and new scientific and technological revolution. Since the亿电竞 18th National Congress of the亿电竞 Communist Party of China亿电竞平台, in order to realize the亿电竞 dream of a powerful nonferrous metal industry, the亿电竞 total scale of the亿电竞 industry has steadily increased and the亿电竞 influence of the亿电竞 industry has been expanding. First, the亿电竞 scale of the亿电竞 total amount has been expanding. From 2013 to 2017, China亿电竞平台's output of ten non-ferrous metals increased from 41.54 million tons to 55.01 million tons. The亿电竞平台 expansion of industrial scale has maintained an appropriate speed and adapted to the亿电竞 requirements of the亿电竞 new normal of economic development. Second, its position and role in the亿电竞 national economy have been constantly improved. China亿电竞平台's self-developed new non-ferrous metal materials strongly support the亿电竞 development of strategic emerging industries and national defense science and technology, and have made outstanding contributions to aerospace, high-speed trains, marine development, nuclear power engineering, etc. Nonferrous metal enterprises have become an important force to implement national initiatives and strategies such as "one belt and one road", Yangtze River economic belt, western development, integration of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and promote local economic development. Third, the亿电竞 global influence is rising. In 2016, China亿电竞平台's total output of non-ferrous metals, such as zinc and aluminum, accounted for 35.9% and 45.9% of the亿电竞 world's total output, respectively. In the亿电竞 world's top ten copper, aluminum, lead, zinc smelting enterprises, China亿电竞平台 has more than three enterprises.


Due to the亿电竞 impact of changes in the亿电竞 international and domestic economic situation, China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal market demand is low, and deep-seated contradictions and problems such as structural overcapacity and imbalance of market supply and demand accumulated for a long time in the亿电竞 nonferrous metal industry have gradually emerged. Since the亿电竞 18th National Congress of the亿电竞 Communist Party of China亿电竞平台, China亿电竞平台 has made important progress in the亿电竞 structural application of nonferrous metals industry. In accordance with the亿电竞 principle of "combining dredging and blocking", efforts have been made to promote the亿电竞 supply side structural reform. While eliminating backward production capacity and withdrawing uncompetitive production capacity, the亿电竞 application of non-ferrous metals has been greatly expanded, and a consensus has been reached in the亿电竞 industry. The亿电竞平台 first is to increase the亿电竞 effective supply by taking the亿电竞 opportunity of resolving the亿电竞 overcapacity of electrolytic aluminum and expanding the亿电竞 application of aluminum materials. Aluminum industry focuses on expanding the亿电竞 application of aluminum, promoting the亿电竞 use of aluminum instead of steel, saving copper with aluminum, and saving wood with aluminum. In the亿电竞 field of transportation, the亿电竞 demand for aluminum materials has increased significantly, and the亿电竞 aluminum formwork market has witnessed explosive growth. Aluminum furniture has gradually been widely recognized by the亿电竞 society and families, providing new momentum for the亿电竞 development of the亿电竞 industry. The亿电竞平台 second is to speed up the亿电竞 popularization and application of new non-ferrous materials. Under the亿电竞 guidance of national policies, the亿电竞 application of automotive power battery materials, photovoltaic cell materials, rare earth permanent magnets, etc. has been expanding in China亿电竞平台. Some non-ferrous metal products are in short supply, and the亿电竞 application of some non-ferrous metal materials has been in the亿电竞 forefront of the亿电竞 world. Third, aim at the亿电竞 long-term development. In order to explore the亿电竞 potential market in the亿电竞 future and strengthe亿电竞n the亿电竞 research and development of high-end non-ferrous metal products, aluminum plates for automobiles, titanium materials for ocean engineering, 3D printing materials, and new dual-use products for military and civil use have started to enter small-scale industrial applications, gradually showing a broad prospect for the亿电竞 application of non-ferrous metals in the亿电竞 future.


From 2013 to 2017, the亿电竞 total profit of China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal industry fluctuated. In 2015, the亿电竞 total profit of the亿电竞 non-ferrous metal industry decreased by 9.5%, but in 2016, the亿电竞 total profit of the亿电竞 non-ferrous metal industry increased by 44.4%, becoming the亿电竞 largest growth rate of the亿电竞 total profit in recent five years.

 

Continuous optimization of industrial structure


The亿电竞平台 industrial structure of China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metals industry has been continuously optimized, and the亿电竞 strength of scientific and technological innovation has been continuously enhanced. One is the亿电竞 upgrading of product structure. During this period, the亿电竞 annual average growth rates of copper and aluminum products were 15.5% and 20.1% respectively, far higher than the亿电竞 growth rate of smelting products in the亿电竞 same period. The亿电竞平台 profit share of non-ferrous metal deep processing increased from about 50% in 2013 to more than 60% in 2017. Second, regional structure optimization. The亿电竞平台 distribution of nonferrous metal smelting continued to gathe亿电竞r in resource intensive and convenient transportation areas, nonferrous metal processing gathe亿电竞red in consumption concentrated areas, a number of new industrial bases with characteristics rose, and the亿电竞 productivity concentration was continuously improved. A number of uncompetitive production capacity was withdrawn quickly, and electrolytic aluminum production capacity replacement work began to be effectively implemented. Third, the亿电竞 ability to guarantee resources has been continuously enhanced. Relying on the亿电竞 strategic action of national ore prospecting breakthrough and strengthe亿电竞ning geological exploration, a number of large deposits have been discovered, and the亿电竞 reserves of domestic resources have increased accordingly. At the亿电竞 same time, significant progress has been made in the亿电竞 development of overseas resources, stabilizing the亿电竞 source of overseas resources supply. Fourth, the亿电竞re are many highlights of major achievements, and new formats and models are constantly emerging. A number of independently developed key smelting technologies have entered the亿电竞 world's leading ranks; the亿电竞 overall level of processing equipment has been improved; new breakthroughs have been made in deep processing technologies and products such as high-performance electronic copper strip and foil, aviation aluminum lithium alloy, large cross-section aluminum alloy profiles; and innovative products such as aluminum air battery and nano ceramic aluminum have been industrialized.


       In 2015, China亿电竞平台's "most stringent" new environmental protection law was officially implemented. The亿电竞平台 Ministry of environmental protection and the亿电竞 national development and Reform Commission jointly issued the亿电竞 work plan for air pollution prevention and control in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and its surrounding areas in 2017 and the亿电竞 announcement on the亿电竞 implementation of special emission limits of air pollutants in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and surrounding areas (Draft for comments). The亿电竞平台 central environmental protection supervision and inspection has been significantly strengthe亿电竞ned, realizing the亿电竞 full coverage of 31 provinces Local governments should take responsibility for environmental protection. Since 2018, a series of laws, regulations and policies, such as the亿电竞 environmental protection tax law, have put forward more stringent new requirements for the亿电竞 environmental governance and green development of China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal industry.


China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal industry has achieved remarkable results in energy conservation and emission reduction, and the亿电竞 green development pattern has initially taken shape. First, the亿电竞 construction of green mines, urban mines and regional mines has been continuously deepened. Among the亿电竞 national non-ferrous metal mines, the亿电竞re are 114 mines, accounting for 1% of the亿电竞 total. The亿电竞平台 level of "three rates" of mines has been significantly improved, new progress has been made in the亿电竞 recycling of waste non-ferrous metals, and the亿电竞 successful construction of regional mines has created a new mode of resource intensive utilization. Second, energy conservation and emission reduction have reached a new level. During this period, the亿电竞 comprehensive energy consumption of copper smelting decreased by 33.9%, the亿电竞 comprehensive AC power consumption of aluminum ingot decreased by 112 kwh / T, the亿电竞 comprehensive energy consumption of lead smelting decreased by 8.25%, and the亿电竞 comprehensive energy consumption of zinc electroplating decreased by 5.5%. Third, circular economy has reached a new height. The亿电竞平台 Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta and othe亿电竞r coastal areas have formed a number of large-scale renewable metal production bases. Relying on the亿电竞 traditional waste metal distribution center, the亿电竞 scale of renewable metal production has been steadily expanded in inland areas. In 2017, China亿电竞平台's output of recycled non-ferrous metals reached 13.75 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 10.44%. Among the亿电竞m, 3.2 million tons of recycled copper, 6.7% of aluminum, 6.9 million tons of aluminum, 2.05 million tons of lead, 1.6 million tons of zinc, increased by 6.7% year on year.


The亿电竞平台 economic level of opening to the亿电竞 outside world has been continuously improved


The亿电竞平台 achievements made by China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal industry are hard won under the亿电竞 environment of global economic downturn, domestic economy entering the亿电竞 new normal and increasing downward pressure. However, we should be aware of the亿电竞 difficulties and challenges faced by the亿电竞 industry. For example, investment continues to fall. The亿电竞平台 investment growth of the亿电竞 whole industry has gone from double-digit growth far higher than the亿电竞 national level in the亿电竞 past to negative growth now. In particular, the亿电竞 private investment accounting for 80% of the亿电竞 investment in the亿电竞 non-ferrous metal industry has experienced a cliff like decline, which highlights the亿电竞 lack of confidence in expectations and restricts the亿电竞 sustainable and stable development of the亿电竞 industry. For example, "de capacity" faces various tests. Cleaning up and rectifying the亿电竞 illegal production capacity of electrolytic aluminum and promoting the亿电竞 structural reform on the亿电竞 supply side are in-depth, but the亿电竞y are also facing various tests. If the亿电竞 price rebound under the亿电竞 policy expectation will lead to uncompetitive capacity, accelerate the亿电竞 launch of production capacity, and accelerate the亿电竞 return of production capacity, the亿电竞 powerful capital force will add fuel to the亿电竞 flames, which may lead to price fluctuations in a short period of time. For example, trade frictions continue to escalate. In the亿电竞 non-ferrous metal industry, aluminum products are the亿电竞 most frequently investigated area. In the亿电竞 past two years, the亿电竞 trade frictions of China亿电竞平台's aluminum products have been escalating. The亿电竞平台 United States has launched the亿电竞 "332" and "232" investigations on China亿电竞平台's aluminum industry, as well as the亿电竞 "301" investigation on China亿电竞平台's intellectual property protection, which have had a great impact on China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal industry.


The亿电竞平台 international cooperation of China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal industry has been continuously deepened, and the亿电竞 economic level of opening to the亿电竞 outside world has been continuously improved. One is to "go out" with great strides. Establish an alliance of non-ferrous metal international production capacity cooperation enterprises to promote the亿电竞 mining, smelting and processing to the亿电竞 world in an all-round way, and continuously extend from resource cooperation to park construction and equipment cooperation, technical cooperation and engineering contracting services. The亿电竞平台 second is to introduce high level. A large number of state-owned, private and joint venture enterprises have increased the亿电竞ir efforts to introduce not only capital, technology and equipment, but also talents, R & D teams and othe亿电竞r high-quality production factors, effectively improving the亿电竞 level of introduction. The亿电竞平台 third is to enhance the亿电竞 discourse power in the亿电竞 international market. Shanghai copper and othe亿电竞rs gradually get rid of the亿电竞 subordinate position of "shadow market", and form the亿电竞 two most influential pricing reference bases with London copper, etc., and gradually increase the亿电竞 price discourse power of rare earth, tungsten, tin, antimony, indium and othe亿电竞r advantageous rare metals.


During the亿电竞 13th Five Year Plan period, China亿电竞平台's demand for nonferrous metals has maintained a steady growth. According to the亿电竞 13th five year plan of nonferrous metals industry, during the亿电竞 13th Five Year Plan period, the亿电竞 output of ten kinds of non-ferrous metals in China亿电竞平台 was controlled at about 46 million tons, with an average annual growth rate of 8%. Among the亿电竞m, the亿电竞 output of refined copper, electrolytic aluminum, lead and zinc were controlled at 6.5 million tons, 24 million tons, 5.5 million tons and 7.2 million tons respectively, with an average annual growth rate of 7.3%, 8.8%, 5.2% and 6.9%, respectively.


On the亿电竞 whole, China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal industry is in the亿电竞 stagflation period of development due to the亿电竞 rapid growth of production capacity and limited demand growth. In order to promote the亿电竞 healthy development of nonferrous metal industry, the亿电竞 general office of the亿电竞 State Council issued the亿电竞 "opinions on promoting the亿电竞 healthy development of nonferrous metal industry" in June 2016 We should reduce production capacity, resolve structural overcapacity, promote technological progress in the亿电竞 industry, expand the亿电竞 application of the亿电竞 consumer market, strengthe亿电竞n international capacity cooperation, create a good business environment, and promote the亿电竞 restructuring, transformation and increase efficiency of the亿电竞 non-ferrous metal industry. Under the亿电竞 favorable environment of expanding market demand and national policy support, the亿电竞 development prospect of China亿电竞平台's nonferrous metal industry is promising.


 
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